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Sunday July 14, 2024

Case of the Week

Gifts from IRAs, Part 9

Case:

Quentin was the firstborn child in a large family. Throughout his childhood, Quentin’s parents worked hard to put food on the table for their children. They also instilled in Quentin the value of hard work and saving money. Quentin took those lessons to heart, putting forth his best efforts in school, finding a rewarding job and increasing his savings. For many years, Quentin worked for a company that offered a 401(k) plan. During those years, he put as much into his 401(k) as he could to maximize the benefit of his employer’s matching contributions. Eventually, Quentin moved on to other employment and made a tax-free rollover of his 401(k) into an IRA. As he approached retirement, Quentin continued to invest in his retirement savings by maxing out his IRA contributions each year.

With his lifelong penchant for saving money and some savvy investing, Quentin was able to retire comfortably at age 65. Now, a few years later, Quentin accepted a job doing what he loved. With this new job, he would like to continue to add to his traditional IRA even though he has reached age 73. He understands that he can make tax deductible contributions to his IRA if he has taxable compensation. Quentin has started receiving required minimum distributions (RMD) from his IRA. Given his lifetime savings, investment income and social security distributions, Quentin does not feel as though he needs the additional income that the IRA distributions will provide – especially with the increased taxes tied to that income.


Question:

Quentin would like to make tax deductible contributions to his IRA while he is working. These tax-deductible contributions to his IRA will lower his taxable income while he is working. Quentin wonders if he could also use an IRA qualified charitable distribution (QCD) to lower his taxable income in the same year. While the idea is still fresh in his mind, Quentin sends an email to his trusted advisor asking whether an IRA charitable rollover can be used in the same year he makes tax deductible contributions to his traditional IRA.


Solution:

Quentin receives a response from his advisor explaining that tax deductible contributions to a traditional IRA after age 70½ may impact the IRA owner’s QCDs. This impact may not be isolated to the year the tax-deductible contribution is made because post 70½ contributions to an IRA will be held cumulatively against QCDs. Under the 2024 limits, Quentin is able to contribute up to $8,000 pre-tax to his traditional IRA.

His advisor explained that if Quentin wants to make an IRA charitable rollover gift, the tax implications for the QCD will be impacted by the value of his pre-tax contribution to the IRA. The advisor included an example in the email response: if in 2024, Quentin makes pre-tax contributions to his IRA in an amount of $8,000 and makes a QCD to charity of $10,000. Because Quentin made a tax-deductible contribution to his IRA, the QCD tax treatment will be impacted. Quentin’s distribution will be partially taxable income in the amount of $8,000 due to the cumulative value of the post-age 70½ IRA contributions. The remaining $2,000 of the distribution will be treated as a QCD and will be excluded from his taxable income. Quentin may claim an itemized charitable income tax deduction for the $8,000 from the recaptured IRA contributions, while the $2,000 is treated as a QCD, so no charitable deduction is allowed but it is excluded from taxable income. Quentin is very glad he reached out to his advisor to understand how his IRA contributions would impact the tax treatment of his QCDs.

Editor’s note: The post 70½ deductible IRA contributions are cumulative, so for an IRA owner with accumulated contributions, his or her IRA QCDs may be impacted for an extended period.


Published May 31, 2024
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Previous Articles

Gifts from IRAs, Part 8

Gifts from IRAs, Part 7

Gifts from IRAs, Part 6

Gifts from IRAs, Part 5

Gifts from IRAs, Part 4

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